By Mark Dubis
In his research of the Greek textual content of one Peter, Mark Dubis offers scholars with an available advisor via one of the most tricky syntactic demanding situations of the Greek language. Introducing readers to the latest advancements in grammatical and linguistic scholarship, Dubis comprises an summary of Greek be aware order and the development of heart voice. In doing so, Dubis is helping scholars internalize the conventions of the Greek language whereas crafting in scholars a maturing urge for food for destiny research.
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Extra info for 1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament)
For this imperatival future, some manuscripts substitute a bona fide imperative form of γίνομαι (Â), under the influence of the use of this verb in the preceding verse. With respect to the voice of ἔσεσθε, all future forms of εἰμί in the NT appear in the middle voice (for an explanation of this phenomenon, see Conrad, 8) and would correspond to Miller’s semantic class of “state” (429). ὅτι. Introduces a causal clause, providing the motivational 1 Peter 1:15-17 29 grounds for the preceding clause, emphasizing God’s holiness as a basis for the exhortation that the Israelites (and recipients of 1 Peter) be holy.
This adverb modifies the following participle ὁρῶντες. Fronted as a temporal frame. ὁρῶντες. Pres act ptc masc nom pl ὁράω (concessive, modifying ἀγαλλιᾶσθε). The implicit object is Jesus. πιστεύοντες. Pres act ptc masc nom pl πιστεύω. Although this participle could be taken as causal, it is best (with most translations) taken as attendant circumstance, modifying ἀγαλλιᾶσθε. δὲ. Introduces the next step in the argument (the belief and joy 16 1 Peter 1:3-12 that the recipients experience despite not seeing Jesus).
Accusative complement in an object-complement double accusative construction. Fronted for emphasis within the conditional clause/frame. ἐπικαλεῖσθε. Pres mid ind 2nd pl ἐπικαλέω. Although this verb can refer to calling someone by a certain name in both the active 30 1 Peter 1:13-21 (Matt 10:25) and passive voices (Acts 1:23; 11:13), in the middle voice it often refers to calling upon or invoking a deity in prayer (Acts 7:59; 1 Cor 1:2). Thus, those versions that translate “address as Father” (NASB, NJB, NET) have treated the verb as though it were active (as in ∏72: καλεῖτε) rather than middle.
1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament) by Mark Dubis