By Rachna Bisht Rawat
On 1 September 1965, Pakistan invaded Chamb district in Jammu and Kashmir, triggering a chain of tank battles, operations and counter-operations. It used to be merely the bravery and well-executed strategic judgements of the warriors of the Indian military that countered the very actual possibility of wasting Kashmir to Pakistan. Recounting the battles fought by way of 5 various regiments, the narrative reconstructs the occasions of the 1965 Indo-Pakistan conflict, outlining information by no means printed sooner than, and recalls its unsung heroes.
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Extra resources for 1965: Stories from the Second Indo-Pakistan War
Missing from Indian thought processes at the time was the idea that to prepare for peace one needed to develop a policy of war; there was a tie-up between the two, that is, between coercive diplomacy that heightened regional and international Shifts in Indian diplomatic history 37 tensions and a policy which sought engagement among strategic rivals with a view to motivate strategic rivals to embrace a policy of negotiated restraints. The story begins with 1947 when India and Pakistan were created on the basis of the two-nations theory.
Following periods of Mughal and British domination of India an organic link emerged between Mughal and British strategic ideas and political institutions. This was carried forward by the tie-up between Anglo-American and Pakistani strategic ideas and policies after 1947. India’s foreign policy problems and the process of building India’s international position The book adopts a controversial view of the Nehrus in Indian foreign affairs and the role of external powers in relation to India. Nehru’s policies kept India and political Hindus on the defensive.
Bhutto (1965), made Kashmir a field of Pakistani power. In 1971 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered military action in East Pakistan but again, following the surrender of Pakistani army to Indian forces in Dhaka, India reverted to the pattern of a ceasefire with Pakistan on the western front. India’s Pakistan policy was also two tracked: there was reactive military action when the Pakistani pressure became intense, and Indian public opinion was aroused and then there was the shift to peace diplomacy when the threat had retreated.
1965: Stories from the Second Indo-Pakistan War by Rachna Bisht Rawat