A Companion to 19th-Century America by William Barney PDF

By William Barney

ISBN-10: 0470998474

ISBN-13: 9780470998472

ISBN-10: 0631209859

ISBN-13: 9780631209850

A significant other to 19th-Century America is an authoritative assessment of present historiographical advancements and significant topics within the historical past of nineteenth-century the USA. Twenty-seven students, all experts of their personal thematic parts, study the most important debates and historiography. A thematic and chronological association brings jointly the main time classes, politics, the Civil struggle, financial system, and social and cultural background of the 19th century. Written with the final reader in brain, each one essay surveys the old study, the rising issues, and assesses the long run course of scholarship.

  • Complete insurance of the entire significant subject matters and present debates in nineteenth-century US background assessing the nation of the scholarship and destiny matters.
  • 24 unique essays through top specialists in nineteenth-century American historical past whole with updated bibliographies.
  • Chronological and thematic association covers either conventional and modern fields of study - politics, classes, financial system, category formation, ethnicity, gender roles, areas, tradition and concepts.

Chapter One Early nationwide Politics and tool, 1800–1824 (pages 5–18): Robert M. S. McDonald
Chapter The Jacksonian period, 1825–1844 (pages 19–32): Jonathan Atkins
Chapter 3 The Sectionalization of Politics, 1845–1860 (pages 33–46): John Ashworth
Chapter 4 Civil struggle and Reconstruction, 1861–1877 (pages 47–60): Vernon Burton
Chapter 5 The Gilded Age, 1878–1900 (pages 61–72): Robert W. Cherny and William L. Barney
Chapter Six American legislations within the 19th Century (pages 73–85): John E. Semonche
Chapter Seven American growth, 1800–1867 (pages 89–103): John M. Belohlavek
Chapter 8 the worldwide Emergence of the U.S., 1867–1900 (pages 104–117): Eric Rauchway
Chapter 9 The Emergence of a industry financial system ahead of 1860 (pages 119–138): Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman
Chapter Ten Industrialization and the increase of companies, 1860–1900 (pages 139–151): David B. Sicilia
Chapter 11 Urbanization (pages 152–163): Timothy J. Gilfoyle
Chapter Twelve the advance of the operating periods (pages 164–177): Kevin Kenny
Chapter 13 The Evolution of the center type (pages 178–191): Cindy S. Aron
Chapter Fourteen African americans (pages 193–208): Donald R. Wright
Chapter Fifteen Native?American heritage (pages 209–222): Michael D. eco-friendly and Theda Perdue
Chapter 16 Gender and the altering Roles of ladies (pages 223–237): Laura F. Edwards
Chapter Seventeen Immigration and Ethnicity (pages 238–254): Nora Faires
Chapter Eighteen The South: From previous to New (pages 255–271): Stephen W. Berry
Chapter Nineteen the center West (pages 272–285): Andrew R. L. Cayton
Chapter Twenty The Relational West (pages 286–300): Molly P. Rozum
Chapter Twenty?One The Communications Revolution and pop culture (pages 301–316): David Hochfelder
Chapter Twenty?Two examining American faith (pages 317–333): Catherine A. Brekus
Chapter Twenty?Three technological know-how and expertise (pages 334–344): Alan I. Marcus
Chapter Twenty?Four A History/Historiography of Representations of the US (pages 345–358): Barbara Groseclose

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By the 1970s, however, economic historians were viewing the pre-Civil War years less as a period of industrialization as of increasing commercialization. As more studies provided evidence that Americans were moving away from a subsistenceoriented way of life to one centered upon production for and dependence on a market economy, social historians argued that this ``market revolution'' entailed a change in mentalite from a pre-modern, community-based ethic to the acceptance of individualistic, competitive, laissez-faire capitalism.

The same verdict can be passed upon those accounts which have emphasized the role of another set of factors that were, in themselves, unrelated to the sectional controversy: the ethnocultural issues. Some historians have noted the effect of immigration, and of nativist hostility to immigrants, and, to a lesser extent, of the temperance movement, in bringing about the collapse of the second party system between Democrats and Whigs in the mid-1850s. Clearly this collapse played a major role in transforming the political agenda and thus facilitating the triumph of sectionalism and, equally clearly, the wave of immigration (or the move to restrict or outlaw drinking) had little to do with any sectional hostility between North and South.

It has also been argued that the Republican party itself, in its earliest years, was heavily influenced by nativism and temperance, and that its supporters stressed these issues even more than anti-slavery. What are we to make of these claims? Unquestionably, the traditional focus on high politics served to obscure the role of nativism and temperance in the upheaval of the mid-1850s. It is safe to assume that there will be no reversion to the traditional view.

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