By Justine Burley, John Harris
The final touch of the human genome undertaking in 2000 dramatically emphasised the approaching good fortune of the genetic revolution. the moral and social results of this clinical improvement are tremendous. From human replica to life-extending treatments, from the impression on gender and race to public wellbeing and fitness and public safeguard, there's scarcely part of our lives left unaffected by way of the effect of the hot genetics. A better half to Genethics is the 1st giant research of the multifaceted dimensions of the genetic revolution and its philosophical, moral, social, and political importance. It brings jointly the easiest and so much influential modern writing approximately genethics. Newly commissioned essays from in demand figures within the present debate supply a wide-ranging and engaging scholarly research of the entire concerns that come up from this explosive technological know-how.
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Additional resources for A Companion to Genethics
The point is this: not all eugenic practices are bad ones, eugenics can be positive: such practices can be aimed at helping people who suffer pain and face early death or a life not worth living. Scientific and regulatory authorities worldwide have agreed that gene therapy ought to remain limited to somatic cell gene therapy. The same techniques used in the context of a diseased person as ``therapy,'' could nevertheless be judged to constitute ``enhancement'' in a different human being. '' This is a slippery-slope argument and, as such, it is an empirical argument.
Here the ethical issues are less involved, although the impact on medicine and society will be no less dramatic if they are successful. Clearly, as outlined in this chapter, stem cell biology could deliver real therapy for diseases affecting millions of people, and may lead to many exciting discoveries with regard to how humans develop. As such it must be worth pursuing. But in the process of generating human embryos or continually renewing body tissues with ``spare parts'' we will open a Pandora's box of ethical and moral issues.
If there is commercial gain, the woman donating the eggs or terminating her pregnancy must be made aware of this as part of the informed consent process. This has the danger of encouraging egg and fetal donations simply for financial gain, and should clearly not be encouraged. One possible way to avoid this scenario is for government to take a more active role in embryo-based stem cell technologies, to regulate this field of research and invest in developing cell therapy methods, from the basic science to 16 stem cells the establishment of ``cell factories'' for the production of tissues for transplantation.
A Companion to Genethics by Justine Burley, John Harris