By Gordon Campbell
Gardens take many varieties, and feature quite a few capabilities. they could function areas of peace and tranquilty, how to domesticate flora and fauna, or as locations to enhance agricultural assets. Globally, gardens have encouraged, comforted, and sustained humans from all walks of existence, and because the backyard of Eden many iconic gardens have encouraged nice artists, poets, musicians, and writers.
In this brief historical past, Gordon Campbell embraces gardens in all their splendour, from parks, and fruit and vegetable gardens to decorative gardens, and takes the reader on a globe-trotting historic trip via iconic and cultural signposts of gardens from diversified areas and traditions. starting from the gardens of old Persia to trendy day allotments, he concludes by means of seeking to the way forward for the backyard within the age of world warming, and the adaptive spirit of human innovation.
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Extra info for A Short History of Gardens
Modern riyads are often planted with bougainvillea (ﬁrst imported from South America in the nineteenth century), which is a reminder that the planting of the Islamic garden is not frozen in the past, but readily absorbs plants that never existed in the traditional Islamic lands. Spain The ﬁnest gardens of the European Middle Ages were those of Islamic Spain. They are not, of course, the same as their modern descendants. Muslims (and Jews) were expelled from Spain in 1492, the same year in which the ﬁrst voyage of Columbus opened European access to the plants of the Americas, some of which can now be seen in the Islamic gardens of Andalusia.
Only the fourth courtyard, beyond the harem, had ﬂowerbeds, but in the seventeenth century the land was increasingly taken over by marble kiosks, of which the ﬁrst two were garden rooms (with ﬁreplaces), and the third a place from which to view the Bosphorus Strait. These structures, together with a late sixteenth-century reﬂecting pool, eliminated planting space, so a new terrace garden was laid out on the slope below the harem. Despite the shortage of horticultural space, the palace ordered prodigious quantities of bulbs.
2150 ). These were enclosed gardens laid out around a rectangular pool. 1350 ) now in the British Museum (see Plate 1) shows such a garden pool, which is of a size sufﬁcient to accommodate water-fowl and tilapia. Plants include lotus in the pool, papyrus at its edge, and rows of trees and shrubs (date palms, doum palms, sycamore ﬁgs, and mandrakes). The size of the pool and the garden varied with the circumstances and standing of the owner, but the design is remarkably constant, as was the notion of a single access point from the house.
A Short History of Gardens by Gordon Campbell